Since 1997 that crowdfunding took a place as a way for raising money, four different types have emerged:
Every type is quite different from the other. They differ in terms and requirements, so it is necessary to examine carefully all types and choose the path most relevant to your goals and needs.
1) Rewards Crowdfunding:
Rewards based crowdfunding is the most common type. It is also called ‘perks based’. The reward based crowdfunding, involves setting varying levels of rewards that correspond to pledge amounts. Most often the reward is the product that the project owner is trying to launch. A standard rewards campaign offers at least three levels of pledges/ rewards. One of its biggest benefits is that you don’t have to repay the money, so you are not starting your venture in dept, nor do you have to give away shares of your venture.
This type works well for tangible products who requires less than €100,000 and the campaign last between 1 to 3 months.
2) Equity crowdfunding :
Has come to light in 2012 after the signing of JOBS ( Jumpstart Our Business Startups) Act . Equity crowdfunding is the exchange of shares in a private company for capital. In this case, entrepreneurs who launch an equity crowdfunding campaign can set investor caps, minimum pledge amounts, etc. They can also approve or deny investors who wish to view their business documents.
This type of crowdfunding can last several months and fits well with startups that seek more than €100,000
3) Donation crowdfunding:
Donation crowdfunding campaigns raise money without being required to provide anything of value in return. This type serves best social causes, charities, political campaigns, rather than for entrepreneurial endeavours. Donation campaigns usually last for 1 to 3 months and they work well for less than €50,000 amounts.
4) Lending Crowdfunding:
Lending based crowdfunding allows entrepreneurs to raise funds in the form of loans. Startups or business have to pay back lenders over a pre-determined timeline with an interest. This type, serves best entrepreneurs that do not want to give up equity.
So, choose which model suits best your project. Also, you need to look into the fee structures that crowdfunding platforms charge for every type of raising money. All platforms clearly state their fees in their FAQs, so review carefully this section before you make up your decision.